Madame & Little Boy
Video essay by Magnus Bärtås, 27 min, 2009

The work has been/will be shown at:

Leeds International Fiilmfestival
Torino International FilmFestival
Transmediale 2011, Berlin
”Void of Memory”/”Platform 2009”, organised by Samsuo – Space for Contemporary Art, Seoul
Les Rencontres Internationales, Centre Pompidou, Paris
Tempo Documentary Festival in collaboration with Moderna Museet, Stockholm
The Nice Institution, Paris
4:th Bucharest Biennale, Bucharest
The Romanian Cultural Institute, Stockholm
Tempo Documentary Festival in collaboration with Moderna Museet, Stockholm
The Nice Institution, Paris
Les Rencontres Internationales, Reina Sofia, Madrid
Oberhausen Internation Short Film Festival (Grand prize, the international competition)
18 Curtas Vila do Conde International Short Film Festival, Portugal (international competition)
Gävle Konstcentrum, Gävle
”Modernautställningen”, Moderna Museet, Stockholm
Video Dumbo festival, Brooklyn, New York
Festival du nouveau cinéma, Montréal (international competition)
VIENNALE - Vienna International Film Festival, Vienna (international competition)
International Izmir Short Film Festival, Izmir
Belo Horizonte International Film Festival, Belo Horizonte, Brazil (international competition)


In 1978 the legendary South Korean actress Choi Eun-Hee was kidnapped in Hong Kong by North Korean agents and brought to Pyongyang. Two weeks later her ex-husband, the director Shin Sang-Ok, was abducted to North Korea as well. After spending five years in the country the couple was offered a “contract” which included a public statement declaring their willful defection to North Korea, a major film budget, enormous resources in terms of equipment and extras, and furthermore a re-marriage. Two years later the artist-pair managed to escape, after having directing and producing a number of films in North Korea, eventually taking political asylum in the United States. Not yet finished was Pulgasari (1985), a Japanese-style monsterfilm based on a Korean legend and made in the vein of Godzilla.
Madame & Little Boy is a video essay where historical lines and the circles of repetition in the life story of Choi Eun-Hee (Madame Choi) are examined. The genealogy of the monsters from Godzilla, via Pulgasari to Galgameth (Shin’s remake of Pulgasari in Hollywood) is interpreted as deliberate messages about atomic weapons.
As an experiment with situated narration this video essay takes a standpoint against documentarism and common documentary practice. The story of Madame and Little Boy (the code name of the Hiroshima bomb) is narrated by the American musician Will Oldham (aka Bonnie ‘Prince’ Billy) in a studio building next to The Nike Missile Site outside San Francisco. The studio building becomes place for viewing and talking back to images: the surrounding American landscape, the missile site (“a petrified monster”) where atomic weapons were kept in secrecy, clips from Shin Sang-Ok’s production together with footages from North Korea. This site, serving as an intersection of the present and past, is also the meeting place with the Choi Eun-Hee’s gaze, filmed in a hotel in Seoul.

See also You Told Me – work stories and video essays, dissertation 2010